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National Nutrition Week 2015 : Better Nutrition: Key to Development

National Nutrition Week 2015 would be celebrated from Tuesday (1st of September) to the Monday (7th of September).

National Nutrition Week

National Nutrition Week is celebrated each year from 1st September to the 7th September to aware the people about important tips of their health and well-being. Through the national nutrition week campaign people from all over the world can be educated to maintain their look and feel better. 
People can be aware of their food groups and balanced diet from which they can get good nutritious things. A healthy should include the whole grains, fruits, vegetables, fat-free milk or milk products, meats, fish, nuts, seeds and etc. The objective of the National Nutrition Week is to enhance the nutritional practice awareness among people of the community through the adoptable training, timely education, seminars, different competitions, road shows and many other campaigns and to make a healthy Nation.
The one week campaign involves one day training, preparing the nutritious food with the healthy stuff, an exhibition by the students of Home Science, comment on wheat and soyabeen to let them known about nutritious value, various competitions, nutrition lecture to Mothers, road shows and seminars. The National Nutrition Week campaign has a Nutrition Week Kit which is filled with the resources to aid the family to prepare healthy food. The campaign includes the World Food Day and also added the Nude Food Day since 2010.
According to the reports it is noted that people has started the utilization of sugary drinks which is the reason to increase the weight gain and fatness in adolescents. The Department of Food Science and Nutrition Management has established a one day occasion for people to state the Nutrition awareness at 8th of September in the year 2010. The campaign includes poster competition, a cooking contest for Healthy heart food, counseling for diet, measuring the BMI, lecture on diseases and prevention of the Heart and many more.

History of National Nutrition Week

The campaign was first started by the central government in the year 1982 in order to encourage the good health and healthy living through the nutrition education as the malnutrition is the main obstruction to the National Development. To encourage the people for the same, the Food and Nutrition Board including 43 units (departments of women and child development, health and NGOs) is working all over the country to maneuver the activities.
Lactating mothers are greatly encouraged to feed their newborn baby the first milk known as the colostrums and mother milk for 6 months to provide the newborns a great level of immunity and healthy living. The Indian Dietetic Association from Bangalore has decided to conduct an awareness program for Nutrition and Diet at Bhagwan Mahaveer Jain Hospital, Millers Road, Bangalore where the diet for Heart Disease, Diabetes, Children and Women will also be covered.

Activities on National Nutrition Week

  • Through the whole week celebration of the National Nutrition Week people are promoted by various nutritional education and training programs.
  • Mass nutrition awareness campaigns are run by the governmental and nongovernmental health organizations.
  • People are motivated through the distribution of nutrition related educational and training materials.
  • People are given proper training for the preservation of nutritious materials like fruits, vegetables and other foods at home.
  • Proper training is given to the people about food analysis and standardization.
  • Various other National Nutrition Policies are run by the government in order to achieve the goal of National Nutrition Week celebration.

Objectives of the National Nutrition Week Celebration

  • To review the frequency of problems to various diet and nutrition in the communities.
  • To evaluate the appropriate techniques to prevent and control the nutritional problems through deep research.
  • To monitor the condition of the country for the diet and nutrition.
  • To perform the operational research in order to plan and implement the national nutrition programs.
  • To aware people through the orientation training about health and nutrition.

National Nutrition Week Themes

  • The theme of 2011 was “Feeding smart from the start”.
  • The theme of 2012 was “Nutrition Awareness – Key to Healthy Nation”.
  • The theme of 2013 was “Project Dinnertime – Cook. Eat. Enjoy”.
  • The theme of 2014 was “Poshak Aahar Desh ka Aadhar”.
  • The theme of 2015 is   "Better Nutrition: Key to Development."
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Breastfeeding and Work : Lets Make It Work !

Breastfeeding is one of the important determinants of child health, development, nutrition and survival. Now, more women are working outside the home both in formal and informal sector. Difficulties working women face in practicing breastfeeding are also increasing. It becomes critical to build an enabling system that would allow combining breastfeeding and work. In this context, maternity protection policy is vital for all women; a policy that should entitle all women to work with dignity, and to benefit from respectable work conditions that bar out discrimination based on gender and their reproductive role. The Constitution of India, under article 42, states, “The State shall make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.” In light of the Constitutional mandate, India has two legislations for working women. One, the Maternity Benefit Act 1961 and second the Employees State Insurance Act, 1948. India has also in place some executive measures based on recommendations of the 6th Pay Commission. Further, the National Food Security Act 2013 recognizes maternity protection a legal right via Section 6 providing for a minimum of Rs. 6000/- to be given as maternity entitlement to all women, which includes women from the unorganized sector. The theme for this year's World Breastfeeding Week is . It revisits the 1993 WBW campaign on the Mother-Friendly Workplace Initiative. It aims to empower and support all women, working in both formal and informal sectors, to optimally combine work with child-rearing, particularly breastfeeding. The theme for 1993 WBW was “Women, work and breastfeeding: Everybody benefits!
OBJECTIVES 
  1. Inform people about the available maternity protection entitlements and raise awareness to strengthen the national legislation and implementation. 
  2. To gain multi-dimensional support from all sectors to enable women everywhere to work and breastfeed. 
  3. Promote action by employers to become baby and mother-friendly and actively facilitate and support their women employees to continue breastfeeding. 
  4. Strengthen supportive practices that enable working women in the informal sector to breastfeed.


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World Breastfeeding Week-2015

WBW is the World Breastfeeding Week which is celebrated annually from 1st August to 7thAugust in almost all the countries. The variety of events on breast feeding has been exhibited by many countries, organizations and participants worldwide.
World Breastfeeding Week 2015 would be celebrated from Saturday (1st of August) to the Friday (7th of August).
Why it is celebrating
Breast feeding is organized and promoted worldwide by the WABA (World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action), WHO (World Health Organization) and UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund) to get the goal of elite breastfeeding by mother for their baby of first six months in order to get the incredible health benefits, to fulfill the all vital nutrients, to encourage mother for the healthy growth and development of their child, to guard them from the lethal health problems and diseases including neonatal jaundice, pneumonia, cholera and many more.
It was first started and celebrated by the World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action in the year 1992. And later it is being celebrated in more than 120 countries by the UNICEF, WHO and their participants such as individuals, associations and governments. World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action was also established in the year 1991 at 14th of Feb to promote the comprehensive breastfeeding culture worldwide by providing the support and achieve the real goal.
The breast feeding has been emphasized to a great extent by the World Health Organization and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for promoting the healthy living for both the mother and the baby. It is highly recommended by them to all mothers that they should give breastfeeding to their child for the first six months of the life and after that a supplemented breastfeeding can be given for the one, two or more years.
The World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action had assisted and supported the social mobilization for the global promotion of the campaign of breastfeeding. WHO and WABA had decided a day committed to the breastfeeding which has been marked as one of the important international events.
It is very necessary to the mothers to get timely support and healthcare education to their baby including breast feeding. The continuous support and intimation can bring the gradual and permanent changes in the social living and ultimately healthy and disease free social living. To sustain a continuous breast feeding can be traditionally supported by the family, community leaders, trained health workers, lactation consultants, friends and partners.
The strategy of peer counseling can be beneficial and exceedingly productive approach to distribute the message of breast feeding campaign to a larger number of other worldwide in a less time period. The trained person of the community can be a peer counselor which can support the mothers to combat their breastfeeding questions and issues.
Aims of the Breast Feeding Campaign
To make aware the peer group to support mothers in order to establish and carry on the breastfeeding.
To initiate the breastfeeding supporters to be trained to provide support to mothers and babies in more effective ways.
To make aware the people to attend and expand the Peer Counseling programmes by letting them know the effective and efficient benefits of the Peer Counseling.
To call on the governments to get more and worldwide maternity facilities in order to increase the rate and duration of elite breastfeeding.
To discover the contacts of the neighboring community support so that breastfeeding mothers can go them to get help and support after delivery.
There are five circles of support from which a mother should get assistance for breast feeding. A woman is surrounded by these circles of support which are Family and Social Network, Workplace and Employment, Government or Legislation, Healthcare and Response to Crisis or Emergency.
World Breastfeeding Week Themes

  1. The theme of 1992 was “Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI)”.
  2. The theme of 1993 was “Mother-Friendly Workplace Initiative (MFWI)”.
  3. The theme of 1994 was “Protect Breastfeeding: Making the Code Work”.
  4. The theme of 1995 was “Breastfeeding: Empowering Women”.
  5. The theme of 1996 was “Breastfeeding: A Community Responsibility”.
  6. The theme of 1997 was “Breastfeeding: Nature’s Way”.
  7. The theme of 1998 was “Breastfeeding: The Best Investment”.
  8. The theme of 1999 was “Breastfeeding: Education for Life”.
  9. The theme of 2000 was “Breastfeeding: It’s Your Right”.
  10. The theme of 2001 was “Breastfeeding in the Information Age”.
  11. The theme of 2002 was “Breastfeeding: Healthy Mothers and Healthy Babies”.
  12. The theme of 2003 was “Breastfeeding in a Globalised World for Peace and Justice”.
  13. The theme of 2004 was ‘Exclusive Breastfeeding: the Gold Standard – Safe, Sound, Sustainable”.
  14. The theme of 2005 was “Breastfeeding and Family Foods: Loving & Healthy – Feeding Other Foods While Breastfeeding is Continued”.
  15. The theme of 2006 was “Code Watch – 25 Years of Protecting Breastfeeding”.
  16. The theme of 2007 was “Breastfeeding: The 1st Hour – Save ONE million babies!”.
  17. The theme of 2008 was “Mother Support: Going for the Gold Everyone Wins!”.
  18. The theme of 2009 was “Breastfeeding: A Vital Emergency Response”.
  19. The theme of 2010 was “Breastfeeding, Just 10 Steps! – The baby friendly way”.
  20. The theme of 2011 was “Talk To Me! Breastfeeding – A 3D Experience”.
  21. The theme of 2012 was “Understanding the Past, Planning for the Future”.
  22. The theme of 2013 was “Breastfeeding Support: Close To Mothers”.
  23. The theme of 2014 was “Breastfeeding: A Winning Goal – For Life!”
  24. The theme of 2015 would be “Breastfeeding and Work – Let’s Make it Work!”


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National Nutrition Week - 2014

National Nutrition Week is being celebrated from 1st to 7th September, 2014 and theme for this year is:

 ‘Poshak  Aahar; Desh ka Aadhar’. 

 The basic objective is to intensify awareness generation on the importance of nutrition for health which has an impact on development, productivity,  economic growth and ultimately national development.
Nutrition is an issue of survival, health and development for current and future generations.
Child born underweight have impaired immune function and increased risk of diseases such as diabetes and heart diseases later in life. Malnourished children tend to have lower IQ and I'm pared cognitive ability, thus affecting their school performance and then productivity in their later life.
During the week, issues such as appropriate diet to be taken during adolescent, pregnancy, lactation, infancy and young childhood would be discussed and awareness to be created amongst the people. He said that nutrition was a key to survival, health and development an individual and mainly constitutes the foundation of over all personality development.

Articles/ Reading Material on  Nutrition at this website is listed below :

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स्तनपान केवल पोषण ही नहीं, जीवन की धारा है


स्‍तनपान शिशु के जन्‍म के पश्‍चात एक स्‍वाभाविक क्रिया है। परन्‍तु पहली बार माँ बनने वाली माताओं को शुरू में स्‍तनपान कराने हेतु सहायता की आवश्‍यकता होती है। स्‍तनपान के बारे में सही ज्ञान के अभाव में जानकारी न होने के कारण बच्‍चों में कुपोषण का रोग एवं संक्रमण से दस्‍त हो जाते हैं।  स्तनपान शिशु के लिए संरक्षण और संवर्धन का काम करता है। मां का दूध (स्तनपान) केवल पोषण ही नहीं, जीवन की धारा है,  ज़िन्दगी के लिए अमृत समान  है.। इससे मां और बच्चे के स्वास्थ्य पर सकारात्मक प्रभाव पड़ता है।
क्यों ज़रूरी है स्तनपान   
  • स्तनपान शिशु के लिए संपूर्ण पूरक और पोषक आहार है।
  • यह हर मौसम में सही तापमान पर बच्चे के शरीर में पहुंचता है।
  • स्तनपान करने वाले शिशु सामान्य शिशुओं की तुलना में कम बीमार पड़ते है। 
कोलस्ट्रम और उसके फायदे
मां के पहले दूध में कोलस्ट्रम पाया जाता है। कोलस्ट्रम पीले रंग का गाढ़ा दूध होता है, जो कि शिशु को रोगों से लड़ने की क्षमता प्रदान करता है। बच्चे के जन्म के दो से चार दिन के बाद यह सामान्य दूध में बदल जाता है। समय से पहले पैदा हुए बच्चों के लिए कोलस्ट्रम बहुत आवश्यक है।
  • कोलस्ट्रम में अधिक मात्रा में प्रोटीन, विटामिन, मिनेरल और इम्यूनोग्लोबुलिन नामक पदार्थ पाये जाते हैं, जो शिशु की रोग प्रतिरोधी क्षमता को बेहतर बनाते है।
  • शिशुओं को पेट की समस्याओं से बचाता है कोलस्ट्रम। 
  • भारी मात्रा में प्रोटीन, विटामिन, मिनेरल होने के कारण कोलस्ट्रम शिशु की हडडियों के विकास के लिए और संपूर्ण विकास के लिए आवश्यक है।
  • कोलस्ट्रम शिशु को संक्रामक रोगों से लड़ने की क्षमता प्रदान करता है।
किस उम्र के बच्चे को स्तनपान कराना चाहिए
  • नवजात शिशु को पहले 6 महीनों तक सिर्फ मां का दूध देना चाहिए, यहां तक कि पानी भी नहीं देना चाहिए। क्योंकि मां के दूध में पर्याप्त मात्रा में पानी भी होता है इसलिए बच्चों को पानी की भी आवश्यकता नहीं होती। 
  • 6 महीनों कें बाद शिशुओं को मां के दूध के साथ ठोस आहार देना शुरू करना चाहिए। शिशु का आहार तैयार करते समय साफ सफार्इ का खास ख्याल रखना चाहिएा शिशु का आहार तैयार करने से पहले हाथ साबुन से ज़रूर धुलेां बच्चे को ताज़ा और पोषक आहार दे। जब शिशु मां के दूध से ठोस आहार की ओर जाता है तो ऐसे में शिशु में पोषण की कमी होने का खतरा अधिक रहता है। ठोस आहार के साथ मां का दूध कम से कम दो  साल तक शिशु को देना चाहिए।
शिशुओं को स्तनपान कराने के लाभ
  • स्तनपान करने वाले शिशुओं में पेट की समस्याएं कम होती हैं क्योंकि मां का दूध आसानी से पच जाता है।
  • मां का दूध नवजात शिशु को एलर्जी, डायरिया, उलिटयां लगने और कान के संक्रमण से बचाता है।
  • बढ़ते शिशु को उसकी आवश्यकतानुसार मां का दूध सही मात्रा में प्राप्त होता है।
  • स्तनपान बच्चों में जन्म के समय होने वाली बीमारियों के खतरे को कम करता है।
  • यह भविष्य में होने वाली बीमारियों की भी सम्भावना कम करता है जैसे डायबिटीज, पेट की समस्याएं, कैंसर, रक्तचाप आदि । 
स्तनपान से मां को होने वाले लाभ
स्तनपान के फायदे सिर्फ शिशुओं में ही नहीं, बलिक मांओं में भी देखने को मिलते है।
  1. बीमारियों का खतरा कमस्तनपान कराने वाली महिलाओं में मधुमेह, स्तन कैंसर, ओवरी के कैंसर और पोस्टपार्टम डिप्रेशन का खतरा कम रहता है।
  2. पैसों की बचतदूध गर्म करने और बाजार से खरीदने का खर्च नहीं रहता। स्तनपान करने वाले बच्चे सामान्य बच्चों की तुलना में कम बीमार पड़ते हैं , इसलिए आपको बार- बार डाक्टर के पास नहीं जाना पड़ता।
  3. तनाव कम होता है : बच्चा जहां मां की गोद में अधिक सुरक्षित अनुभव करता है, वहीं मां को भी बच्चे के साथ थोड़ा समय मिल जाता है। शिशु की त्वचा के संपर्क में आने से महिलाओं में आकिसटोसिन नामक हार्मोन बनता है, जिससे तनाव कम होता है ।
  4. अधिक वज़न से छुटकारास्तनपान कराने वाली महिलाओं को अधिक कैलोरीज की आवश्यकता होती है, जिससे वज़न कम होता है और यूटेरस भी जल्दी आकार में आ जाता है।
फार्मूला फीड और मां के दूध में अंतर
  • मां का दूध शिशुओं के लिए सर्वोत्तम आहार है क्योंकि यह एलर्जी, अस्थमा और बहुत सी बीमारियों से शिशुओं को बचाता है। फार्मूला फीड से बच्चों का पेट भरा रहता है, लेकिन उन्हें मां के दूध जितना पोषण नहीं मिलता।
  • मां का दूध हर समय सही तापमान पर उपलब्ध होता है, लेकिन फार्मूला फीड को गर्म करके तैयार करना पड़ता है। इसके अलावा अगर फार्मूला फीड सफार्इ से ना तैयार किया जाये तो इससे संक्रमण का खतरा रहता है।
  • फार्मूला फीड को एक बार बनाने के बाद दोबारा प्रयोग नहीं करना चाहिएा इसे तैयार करने में कम से  कम 5 मिनट का समय लगता है।
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World Breastfeeding Week 2014


World Breastfeeding Week 2014

WABA has announced that the slogan and theme for

BREASTFEEDING: A Winning Goal - For Life!
This year's WABA World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) theme asserts the importance of increasing and sustaining the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding - in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) countdown, and beyond.



Resources :
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माता शबरी महिला सशक्तिकरण योजना

माता शबरी महिला सशक्तिकरण योजना

उद्देश्य:

  • गरीबी रेखा से नीचे रह रहे अनुसूचित जाति के परिवारों की महिलाओं को अनुदान प्रदान करके उन्हें घरेलु कार्यों हेतु ईंधन, लकडी एकत्रित करने जैसे कार्यों से राहत दिलवाना
  • पर्यावरण में सुधार लाना। प्रत्येक वर्श प्रत्येक विधान सभा क्षेत्र में 75 लाभार्थियों को इस योजना में लाभान्वित किया जाता है।
पा़त्रता:
  • गरीबी रेखा से नीचे रह रहे परिवारों से सम्बन्धित महिलाएं
  • ऐसी महिलाएं जिन के परिवारों की वार्षिक  आय 35,000/-रु0 से अधिक न हो, 
  • महिला के साथ रह रहे परिवार सदस्य एल0पी0जी0 गैस कनैक्शन धारक न हों। 

सहायता राशि:
  1. एल0पी0जी0 गैस कनैक्शन, चूल्हा व अन्य सम्बंधित सामग्री की खरीद पर आई कुल लागत  के 50%  राशी की प्रतिपूर्ति जिसकी अधिकतम सीमा 1300 /- होगी उपदान के रूप में उपलब्ध करवाई जाएगी  ।
आवेदन प्रक्रिया:
आवेदन पत्र निम्नलिखित दस्तावेज सहित बाल विकास परियोजना अधिकारी के कार्यालय मे जमा करेंः


  1. बी.पी.एल प्रमाण पत्र।
  2. बी0पी0एल0 प्रमाण पत्र।
  3. वार्षिक आय प्रमाण पत्र।
  4. अनुसूचित जाति प्रमाण पत्र।
  5. ग्राम सभा प्रस्ताव।
  6. आधार कार्ड की प्रति।
  7. राशन कार्ड की प्रति।
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